Diabetes Screening Guidelines in Canada

Part of the Diabetes For Canadians For Dummies Cheat Sheet

The Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) recommends that you be tested for type 2 diabetes every three years when you reach 40 years of age, and more frequently and/or earlier if you have one or more of the following risk factors for type 2 diabetes:

  • You have a biological first-degree relative with type 2 diabetes. (A first-degree relative is a parent, sibling, or child.)

  • You are a member of a high-risk population (that is; being of Aboriginal, African, Asian, Hispanic, or South Asian ancestry).

  • You have a history of prediabetes.

  • You have a history of gestational diabetes.

  • You have delivered a large baby.

  • You show evidence of complications associated with diabetes. These include retinopathy (eye damage), neuropathy (nerve damage), nephropathy (kidney damage), or vascular disease affecting the heart (coronary artery disease), brain (cerebrovascular disease), or legs (peripheral arterial disease).

  • You have risk factors for vascular disease such as abnormal lipid levels, high blood pressure, overweight, or abdominal obesity.

  • You have a disease associated with an increased risk of diabetes. Examples of such a disease include polycystic ovary syndrome, acanthosis nigricans, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of psychiatric disease (bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia), and HIV infection.

  • You take drugs associated with an increased risk of diabetes. Examples of such drugs are prednisone, certain types of psychiatric medicines, and certain types of drugs used to treat HIV/AIDS.

You should be immediately tested for diabetes if ever you are having symptoms of high blood glucose (such as thirst, frequent urination, and weight loss).

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Diabetes For Canadians For Dummies Cheat Sheet

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