Conjugating the Spanish Verb Subir (to Go Up/Ascend)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like subir, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

Subir (soo-bveer) (to go up) is a regular -ir verb, so its conjugation is pretty straightforward. Here it is in the present tense:

The Present Tense of Subir
Conjugation Translation
yo subo I go up
tú subes You (informal) go up
él/ella/ello/uno sube He/she/one goes up
usted sube You (formal) go up
nosotros subimos We go up
vosotros subís You all (informal) go up
ellos/ellas suben They go up
ustedes suben You all (formal) go up

The following examples show you subir in action:

  • ¿Suben ellos las escaleras? (Do they go up the stairs?)

  • Sí. Todos subimos las escaleras. (Yes. We all go up the stairs.)

Need to know how to conjugate subir in another tense? The following tables show you the preterit, imperfect, and future forms.

The Preterit Tense of Subir
Conjugation Translation
yo subí I went up
tú subiste You (informal) went up
él/ella/ello/uno subió He/she/one went up
usted subió You (formal) went up
nosotros subimos We went up
vosotros subisteis You all (informal) went up
ellos/ellas subieron They went up
ustedes subieron You all (formal) went up

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • ¿Subiste al cuarto piso? (Did you go up to the fourth floor.)

  • No. Subí al quinto piso. (No. I went up to the fifth floor.)

The Imperfect Tense of Subir
Conjugation Translation
yo subía I used to go up
tú subías You (informal) used to go up
él/ella/ello/uno subía He/she/one used to go up
usted subía You (formal) used to go up
nosotros subíamos We used to go up
vosotros subíais You all (informal) used to go up
ellos/ellas subían They used to go up
ustedes subían You all (formal) used to go up

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • El precio de la leche subía cada día. (The price of milk used to go up every day.)

  • Mis hermanos subían las gradas corriendo. (My brothers used to go up the steps running.)

The Future Tense of Subir
Conjugation Translation
yo subiré I will go up
tú subirás You (informal) will go up
él/ella/ello/uno subirá He/she/one will go up
usted subirá You (formal) will go up
nosotros subiremos We will go up
vosotros subiréis You all (informal) will go up
ellos/ellas subirán They will go up
ustedes subirán You all (formal) will go up

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • ¿Subirá el precio de la gasolina? (Will the price of gas go up?)

  • Subiremos el precio de nuestro servicio profesional. (We will increase the price of our professional service.)

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