Knowing Whether to Use Ser or Estar
Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Salir (to Go Out/Leave)
Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Entender (to Understand/Know About)

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Hablar (to Speak)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like hablar, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

Hablar (ah-bvlahr) (to speak) is a regular -ar verb, so its conjugation is pretty straightforward. Here it is in the present tense:

The Present Tense of Hablar
Conjugation Translation
yo hablo I speak
tú hablas You (informal) speak
él/ella/ello/uno habla He/she/one speaks
usted habla You (formal) speak
nosotros hablamos We speak
vosotros habláis You all (informal) speak
ellos/ellas hablan They speak
ustedes hablan You all (formal) speak

The following examples show you hablar in action:

  • Ella habla español. (She speaks Spanish.)

  • Nosotros hablamos inglés muy bien. (We speak English very well.)

Need to know how to conjugate hablar in another tense? The following tables show you the preterit, imperfect, and future forms.

The Preterit Tense of Hablar
Conjugation Translation
yo hablé I spoke
tú hablaste You (informal) spoke
él/ella/ello/uno habló He/she/one spoke
usted habló You (formal) spoke
nosotros hablamos We spoke
vosotros hablasteis You all (informal) spoke
ellos/ellas hablaron They spoke
ustedes hablaron You all (formal) spoke

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • ¿Hablaste con tu padre anteayer? (Did you talk with your father the day before yesterday?)

  • Sí. Hablé con mi padre sobre muchas cosas. (Yes. I spoke with my father about many things.)

The Imperfect Tense of Hablar
Conjugation Translation
yo hablaba I used to speak
tú hablabas You (informal) used to speak
él/ella/ello/uno hablaba He/she/one used to speak
usted hablaba You (formal) used to speak
nosotros hablábamos We used to speak
vosotros hablabais You all (informal) used to speak
ellos/ellas hablaban They used to speak
ustedes hablaban You all (formal) used to speak

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • Ellos siempre hablaban por teléfono los viernes por la noche. (They always talked on the phone on Friday evening.)

  • La profesora siempre hablaba en español. (The teacher always used to speak in Spanish.)

The Future Tense of Hablar
Conjugation Translation
yo hablaré I will speak
tú hablarás You (informal) will speak
él/ella/ello/uno hablará He/she/one will speak
usted hablará You (formal) will speak
nosotros hablaremos We will speak
vosotros hablaréis You all (informal) will speak
ellos/ellas hablarán They will speak
ustedes hablarán You all (formal) will speak

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • Tomás hablará por teléfono con Susana mañana. (Tomás will talk on the phone with
    Susana tomorrow.)

  • Hablaré por teléfono con mi mamá este fin de semana. (I will talk on the telephone with
    my mom this weekend.)

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