Conjugating the Spanish Verb Leer (to Read)
How to Form Participles of Regular Spanish Verbs
Conjugating the Reflexive Spanish Verb Despertarse (to Wake Up)

Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Hacer (to Do/Make)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like hacer, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

In the present tense, hacer (ah-sehr) (to do/make) has an irregular yo form, but otherwise it conjugates like a regular -er verb. Here’s the present tense conjugation:

The Present Tense of Hacer
Conjugation Translation
yo hago I do
tú haces You (informal) do
él/ella/ello/uno hace He/she/one does
usted hace You (formal) do
nosotros hacemos We do
vosotros hacéis You all (informal) do
ellos/ellas hacen They do
ustedes hacen You all (formal) do

The following examples show you hacer in action:

  • ¿Haces tu trabajo con buena voluntad? (Do you do your work willingly?)

  • Yo hago mi trabajo en silencio. (I do my work in silence.)

In the preterit, hacer has an irregular stem: hic-. The third-person singular form undergoes a c-to-z spelling-change to preserve the correct pronunciation. Notice also that hacer doesn’t have the accent marks regular verbs use in the preterit. Take a look:

The Preterit Tense of Hacer
Conjugation Translation
yo hice I did
tú hiciste You (informal) did
él/ella/ello/uno hizo He/she/one did
usted hizo You (formal) did
nosotros hicimos We did
vosotros hicisteis You all (informal) did
ellos/ellas hicieron They did
ustedes hicieron You all (formal) did

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • Hice mucho ejercicio anoche. (I exercised a lot last night.)

  • Los turistas hicieron una parada en Madrid. (The tourists made a stop in Madrid.)

Good news: Hacer conjugates regularly in the imperfect form. Check out the following table and examples.

The Imperfect Tense of Hacer
Conjugation Translation
yo hacía I used to do
tú hacías You (informal) used to do
él/ella/ello/uno hacía He/she/one used to do
usted hacía You (formal) used to do
nosotros hacíamos We used to do
vosotros hacíais You all (informal) used to do
ellos/ellas hacían They used to do
ustedes hacían You all (formal) used to do

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • ¿Hacían ustedes buenas obras? (Did you used to do good works?)

  • Si. Hacíamos buenas obras siempre. (Yes. We always used to do good works.)

Hacer also has an irregular stem in the future tense: har-. However, it does use the normal future endings:

The Future Tense of Hacer
Conjugation Translation
yo hare I will do
tú harás You (informal) will do
él/ella/ello/uno hará He/she/one will do
usted hará You (formal) will do
nosotros haremos We will do
vosotros haréis You all (informal) will do
ellos/ellas harán They will do
ustedes harán You all (formal) will do

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • Yo haré el pastel este fin de semana. (I will make the cake this weekend.)

  • ¿Harán ellos sus deberes escolares? (Will they do their school work?)

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