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Conjugating Regular Spanish Verbs in the Present Tense

Part of the Spanish Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet

In Spanish grammar, as in English, you conjugate verbs to reflect the tense (when the action occurred, is occurring, or will occur) and to agree with the subject in person and number. To conjugate regular Spanish verbs ending in -ar, -er, or -ir in the present tense, you drop the ending and add endings to specify the subject (in person and number) that’s performing the action. Here’s what those endings look like:

Verb Infinitive Ending Present Tense Endings
-ar -o, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an
-er -o, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en
-ir -o, -es, -e, -imos, -ís, -en

Here’s a conjugation chart for a regular -ar verb conjugated in the present tense:

cantar (to sing)
yo canto nosotros/nosotras cantamos
cantas vosotros/vosotras cantáis
él/ella/usted canta ellos/ellas/ustedes cantan

Here’s a conjugation chart for a regular -er verb conjugated in the present tense:

beber (to drink)
yo bebo nosotros/nosotras bebemos
bebes vosotros/vosotras bebéis
él/ella/usted bebe ellos/ellas/ustedes beben

Here’s a conjugation chart for a regular -ir verb conjugated in the present tense:

vivir (to live)
yo vivo nosotros/nosotras vivimos
vives vosotros/vosotras vivís
él/ella/usted vive ellos/ellas/ustedes viven
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