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Comparing Beliefs across the Christian Church

Part of the Christianity For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Different Christian denominations are organized and worship in different ways. This handy table will help you keep track of and compare some differences in worship, rituals, and beliefs of the largest groups of the Christian Church:

Means of salvation How they worship Sacraments and ordinances observed Organization Ordain women? Who can be baptized?
Anglican/ Episcopalian
God’s grace by faith alone Traditional style through liturgy; contemporary liturgy is possible Baptism, Lord’s Supper (Regard the other five that Catholics observe as “minor sacraments”) Episcopal (Clergy in local churches presided over by bishop.) Yes Infants and professing Christians
Assembly of God
God’s grace by faith alone Non-liturgical (free) worship; sometimes contemporary Baptism, Lord’s Supper Mixture of Congregational and Presbyterian (Local churches largely govern themselves, but don’t have complete autonomy.) Yes Only professing Christians
Baptist
God’s grace by faith alone Non-liturgical (free) worship; sometimes contemporary Baptism, Lord’s Supper Congregational (Local churches are self-governing.) Depending on the convention (division of churches) Only professing Christians
Catholic
God’s grace, which Christians receive by faith and by observing the sacraments Traditional style through liturgy; contemporary liturgy is possible Baptism, Eucharist (Lord’s Supper), Penance, Confirmation, Marriage, Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick Papal/Episcopal (Clergy in local churches presided over by bishop; the pope [the Bishop of Rome] is the ultimate Church leader.) No Infants and professing Christians
Lutheran
God’s grace by faith alone Traditional style through liturgy; contemporary worship is possible Baptism, Lord’s Supper Mixed (Congregational, Presbyterian, and Episcopal structures exist.) Depending on the synod (council) Infants and professing Christians
Methodist
God’s grace by faith alone Traditional style through liturgy; contemporary worship is possible Baptism, Lord’s Supper Episcopal (Clergy in local churches presided over by bishop.) Yes Infants and professing Christians
Orthodox
God’s grace received through faith and on-going participation in the work of one’s salvation Traditional style through liturgy No official position, but often observes the Catholic sacraments Episcopal (Clergy in local churches presided over by bishop.) No Infants and professing Christians
Presbyterian
God’s grace by faith alone Traditional style through liturgy Baptism, Lord’s Supper Presbyterian (A graded organizational system by presbyters or elders.) Yes Infants and professing Christians
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Christianity For Dummies Cheat Sheet

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