When you’re stretching your vocabulary, pay attention to the endings of new words (their suffixes) for clues to their meaning. The following table lists common suffixes and their meanings:

Suffix Meaning Examples
able/ible capable or worthy of, fit for; tending to, causing, given to, or liable to commendable, edible, impressionable
d/ed indicates past tense of a verb baffled, flummoxed, wasted
ence/ance quality or state; an action or process clearance, reference, remembrance
ing indicates the present-perfect tense of a verb (such verbs are called gerunds) admiring, discussing, perplexing
ion act, result of an act, or state or condition integration, obsession, possession
ment an action, process, or act of a specified kind bereavement, merriment, movement
s/es indicates the plural form of a noun analyses, arguments, results