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Common Vocabulary Suffixes

Part of the Vocabulary For Dummies Cheat Sheet

When you’re stretching your vocabulary, pay attention to the endings of new words (their suffixes) for clues to their meaning. The following table lists common suffixes and their meanings:

Suffix Meaning Examples
able/ible capable or worthy of, fit for; tending to, causing, given to, or liable to commendable, edible, impressionable
d/ed indicates past tense of a verb baffled, flummoxed, wasted
ence/ance quality or state; an action or process clearance, reference, remembrance
ing indicates the present-perfect tense of a verb (such verbs are called gerunds) admiring, discussing, perplexing
ion act, result of an act, or state or condition integration, obsession, possession
ment an action, process, or act of a specified kind bereavement, merriment, movement
s/es indicates the plural form of a noun analyses, arguments, results
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