Checklist for Diabetes Self-Management
Managing diabetes requires good self-discipline and regular visits to your doctor or diabetes care team. Following is a checklist for your diabetes care — what you or your doctor should be checking on a daily, every three–four monthly or annual basis.
Picking up complications early is key to managing your diabetes. The earlier you or your doctor realise a health problem exists, the earlier that problem can be addressed and managed. Some of the investigations included in the following list are required more frequently if being actively treated.
Blood glucose self-monitoring, at the following frequencies:
Before meals and bedtime for person with type 1 diabetes
Before breakfast and at least one to two additional times through the day, preferably two hours after meals for person with type 2 diabetes on tablets.
Once daily for person with stable type 2 diabetes
Before and one hour after meals for pregnant woman with type 1 diabetes or gestational diabetes
Maintenance of healthy eating and exercise plan
Medication (if required)
Blood test for HbA1c
Foot exam if neuropathy is present
Dilated eye exam by eye doctor
Fasting lipid profile
Filament test for foot sensation