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Solving Differential Equations Using an Integrating Factor

Checking Differential Equation Solutions

Even if you don’t know how to find a solution to a differential equation, you can always check whether a proposed solution works. This is simply a matter of plugging the proposed value of the dependent variable into both sides of the equation to see whether equality is maintained.

For example, here’s a differential equation with a dependent variable y:


You may not have a clue how to begin solving this differential equation, but imagine that an angel lands on your pen and offers you this solution:

y = 4e3x sin x

You can check to see whether this angel really knows math by plugging in this value of y as follows:


Because the left and right sides of the equation are equal, the angel’s solution checks out.

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