C Language Variable Types

Part of the Beginning C Programming For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Rather than make all your variables floats, it’s more efficient to examine the type of data that’s stored and then choose an appropriate C variable type.

Type Value Range
_Bool 0 to 1
char –28 to 127
unsigned char 0 to255
short int –32,768 to 32,767
unsigned short int 0 to 65,535
int –2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647
unsigned int 0 to 4,294,967,295
long int –2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647
unsigned long int 0 to 4,294,967,295
float 1.17×10–38 to 3.40×1038
double 2.22×10–308 to 1.79×10308

Keep these C language variable type points in mind:

  • Ensure that you choose the proper variable type for the values you need to store.

  • The _Bool type stores only two values, 0 and 1, which can represent TRUE or FALSE or On or Off or any binary condition.

  • The char variable type stores character values, though it can also be used to store tiny integers.

  • Integers, or whole numbers, are stored in the int variable types.

  • Any type of value, from the very large to the very small, and any fractional values are stored in the float and double types.

  • Remember to use int values for functions that generate integers, such as getchar(). It’s easy to assume that the function returns a char value because of the function’s name.

  • C lacks a string variable type. Instead, an array of char variables is used.

  • Other variable types include structures and pointers.

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