C++ Code in Objective-C Macintosh Applications

Part of the Mac Application Development For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Objective-C provides object-oriented features for Macintosh application development, such as inheritance and polymorphism. The language is based on the C programming language; therefore, you can use your C programming knowledge to code within Objective-C. Objective-C++ is a bridge mechanism that allow Objective-C source modules to work with Objective-C++ classes, which could compile and link with C++ code libraries.

The following simple example of a square matrix shows the contents of a C++ header file for a Matrix class. The Matrix class comes with the standard constructor and destructor for a C++ class, and the methods are what you’d expect for a basic square matrix object:

class Matrix
{
public:
    Matrix( int inSize );
    virtual ~Matrix();
    int getSize( void );
    int getDeterminant( void );
    void setElement( int inRow, int inCol, int inValue );
    int getElement( int inRow, int inCol );
    Matrix operator+( const Matrix& inAddend );
private:
    int m_size;
    int[][] m_elements;
};

To use Objective-C++, your Objective-C++ class modules must use the file extension .mm. This tells Xcode’s compiler that the class is to be compiled using Objective-C++, which will allow your class to use C++ language keywords. Using Objective-C++, your app could create a Matrix object to perform basic operations, such as adding two Matrix objects together. This assumes the Objective-C++ source module has #imported the C++ Matrix.h file:

- (void)addTwoMatrices
{
    Matrix matrixOne( 3 ); // 3x3 matrix
    Matrix matrixTwo( 3 ); // another
    int rowIndex = 0;
    int colIndex = 0;
    for (rowIndex=0; rowIndex<3; ++rowIndex)
    {
        for (colIndex=0; colIndex<3; ++colIndex)
        {
            // set matrix one's elements to their values
            matrixOne.setElement( rowIndex, colIndex, XXX );
            // set matrix two's elements to some other values
            matrixTwo.setElement( rowIndex, colIndex, YYY );
        }
    }
    Matrix matrixSum = matrixOne + matrixTwo;

With Objective-C++, your apps are able to take advantage of all the available third-party libraries written for C++.

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