Basic XML Schema Declarations

Part of the XML For Dummies Cheat Sheet

An XML Schema document is built of a series of declarations, which gives very detailed information and makes sure the information contained in the XML document is in the correct form.

Declaration Name Purpose Syntax
Schema Identifies the language the schema uses <xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
Element Defines an element <xsd:element name="name">
Attribute Defines an attribute <xsd:attribute name="name" type="type">
Complex type Defines an element that contains other elements, contains attributes, or contains mixed content (elements and text) <xsd:complexType>
Simple type Creates a constrained datatype for an element or attribute value <xsd:simpleType>
Sequence compositor Specifies that attributes or elements within a complex type must be listed in order <xsd:sequence>
Choice compositor Specifies that any one of the attributes or elements within a complex type can be used <xsd:choice>
All compositor Specifies that any or all attributes or elements within a complex type can be used <xsd:all>
Annotation Contains documentation and/or appInfo elements that provide additional information and comments about the schema document <xsd:annotation>
Documentation Provides human-readable information within an annotation <xsd:documentation>
Application information Provides computer-readable information within an annotation <xsd:appInfo>
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