Australian Guidelines for Testing for Diabetes
These guidelines were developed buy the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners and Diabetes Australia (including the Australian Diabetes Society) to screen for diabetes at the earliest possible appropriate time.
People over 45 should be tested every three years if normal. People with symptoms of thirst, frequent urination and weight loss are tested immediately.
People should be tested at a younger age and more often if:
They are obese (BMI of 30 or more).
Their parents or siblings have diabetes.
They are from a high-risk group, such as Aboriginal Australians, Torres Strait or Pacific Islanders, Asian Indians or Chinese.
They have delivered a baby over 4 kilograms or had gestational disease.
They have low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides.
They have high blood pressure or heart disease.
They are women with polycyctic ovarian syndrome and are obese.
They are on antipsychotic drugs.