Here’s an overview of periods of Egyptian history. Some of the dates and dynasties overlap, especially during the Intermediate Periods, because different kings ruled different parts of Egypt at the same time – all holding the title of king.

Predynastic Period

The Badarian period: 4400–4000 BC

Maadian period: 4000–3300 BC

The Amratian period: 4000–3500 BC

The Gerzean period: 3500–3200 BC

The Negada III period: 3200–3050 BC

Early Dynastic Period

Dynasty 0: 3150–3050 BC

Dynasty 1: 3050–2890 BC

Dynasty 2: 2890 –2686 BC

Old Kingdom

Dynasty 3: 2686–2613 BC

Dynasty 4: 2613–2500 BC

Dynasty 5: 2498–2345 BC

Dynasty 6: 2345–2333 BC

First Intermediate Period

Dynasty 7 and 8: 2180–2160 BC

Dynasty 9 and 10: 2160–2040 BC

Middle Kingdom

Dynasty 11: 2134–1991 BC

Dynasty 12: 1991–1782 BC

Second Intermediate Period

Dynasty 13: 1782 –1650 BC

Dynasty 14: Dates unknown. This dynasty is characterised by a few chieftains ruling one town, calling themselves kings.

Dynasty 15: 1663–1555 BC

Dynasty 16: 1663–1555 BC

Dynasty 17: 1663–1570 BC

New Kingdom

Dynasty 18: 1570–1293 BC

Dynasty 19: 1293–1185 BC

Dynasty 20: 1185–1070 BC

Third Intermediate Period

High Priests (Thebes): 1080–945 BC

Dynasty 21 (Tanis): 1069–945 BC

Dynasty 22 (Tanis): 945–715 BC

Dynasty 23 (Leontopolis): 818–715 BC

Dynasty 24 (Sais): 727–715 BC

Dynasty 25 (Nubians): 747–656 BC

Dynasty 26 (Sais): 664–525 BC

Late Period

Dynasty 27 (Persian): 525–404 BC

Dynasty 28: 404–399 BC

Dynasty 29: 399–380 BC

Dynasty 30: 380–343 BC

Dynasty 31: 343–332 BC

Graeco-Roman Period

Macedonian Kings: 332–305 BC

Ptolemaic Period: 305–30 BC