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How to Figure Out the Meaning of Nutrition Words

By Carol Ann Rinzler

Part of Nutrition For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Like every discipline, nutrition has its own particular language. This chart clues you in to several prefixes and suffixes that can make deciphering nutrition-speak a cinch.

Element Meaning
amyl- starch
an- without
anti- against
-ase an enzyme
di- two
-emia found in the blood
gastro- referring to the stomach
gly- referring to sugars
hydr-, hydro- water (also: hydrogen)
hyper- above normal
hypo- below normal
lact-, lacti-, lacto- milk
lip-, lipo- fat
macro- large
micro- very small
mono- one
-ose sugar
tri- three