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By Michelle Maxom

Part of TEFL For Dummies Cheat Sheet

When you teach English as a foreign language, you can show what the grammar actually looks like when, for example, you manipulate verb tenses in different ways. Here are some examples:

  • Positive: He had written it.

  • Negative: He had not written it.

  • Question: Had he written it?

  • Contraction: He’d written it.

Here are other useful points for presenting grammar:

  • Pronunciation: Consider any features that you need to highlight and drill.

  • Function: Demonstrate exactly when you use the grammar by putting it in context. Timelines help to represent this visually.

  • Examples: Use realia (examples from everyday life) or pictures as well as sentences to explain.

  • Concept check questions. Use questions to check that students understand what they are being taught.

  • Comparison with other grammar if necessary. Use examples from what the students have already learned to help clarify new ideas.