Important Dates in Templar History
The following timeline highlights historical events and people that shaped the Templar Order, established the Templars’ place in history, and eventually led to its dissolution:
|1000 b.c.||King Solomon’s Temple built on Temple Mount in Jerusalem.|
|a.d. 638||Muslims conquer the Holy Land.|
|1095||Pope Urban II calls for the First Crusade.|
|1099||Jerusalem taken from Muslims. Priory of Sion allegedly
|1119||Founding of the Templars by Hughes de Payens.|
|1129||The Templar Rule is adopted at the Council of Troyes.|
|1139||Pope Innocent II exempts the Templars from all but papal
|1146||Second Crusade begins.|
|1187||The Battle of Hattin: Saladin and the Muslim army retake
Jerusalem, killing 200 Templars.
|1191||Third Crusade captures the port of Acre, becomes new Templar
|1192||Richard the Lionheart and Saladin agree to open Jerusalem to
|1202–1204||Constantinople sacked. Christian relics fall into hands of the
|1291||Acre, the last Crusader state in the Holy Land, falls to the
Muslims. Templars move to Cyprus.
|1293||Jacques de Molay becomes Grand Master of the Templars.|
|1307||Templars arrested by Phillip IV (le Bel or “the Fair”)
in France on Friday, October 13.
|1308||Edward II, under pressure from the pope, arrests all Templars
|1310||54 Knights Templar burned at the stake in France to compel
remaining Templars to confess.
|1312||Templar Order dissolved by the Council of Vienne, transferring
property to the Knights Hospitaller.
|1314||Jacques de Molay and Geoffroy de Charney burned at the stake in
Paris. Templars alleged to assist Robert the Bruce of Scotland at
the Battle of Bannockburn. Phillip the Fair dies in a hunting
accident. Pope Clement V dies.
|1319||Order of Christ founded in Portugal by King Dinis as a new home
for the Templars.
|1446||Rosslyn Chapel construction begins in Roslin, Scotland.|