Cheat Sheet

Windows 10 For Seniors For Dummies Cheat Sheet

From Windows 10 For Seniors For Dummies, 3rd Edition

By Peter Weverka

Here are some tips and tricks for making better use of the Windows 10 operating system. Discover how to choose which application files open in, handle app windows on the screen, open a second desktop to prevent onscreen clutter, and switch from a Microsoft password to a local password or vice versa.

How to Choose the Windows 10 Default Application for Opening Files

Some types of files can be opened with more than one application. For example, if your computer is anywhere near typical, two or three different applications on your computer can open graphics files. Sometimes when you open a file, it opens in the wrong application. Windows 10 opens files with the default application — the one that Windows 10 thinks you prefer. But what if the default application isn’t your first choice for opening files of a certain type?

Follow these steps to tell Windows 10 which application to use to open files of a certain type:

  1. Select the Windows button and choose Settings on the pop-up menu.

    The Windows Settings screen opens.
  2. Select Apps to open the Apps & Features window.
  3. Select Default Apps on the left side of the window.
  4. Scroll down and select the Choose Default Apps by File Type link.

    The Associate File Types with Specific Apps window opens. This window lists the file extensions by which different file types are known.

  5. In the Name column, scroll to and select the file type you are concerned with.
    For example, if you want to change the application with which Windows 10 opens JPEG files, scroll to and select the JPEG file extension.

  6. In the Default App column, select Choose a Default (if no default application has been chosen yet) or the name of the default application (if a default application has been chosen).

    The Choose an App window opens. It lists applications on your computer that can open files of the type you selected.

  7. Select your first-choice application for opening files of this type.

How to Manipulate App Windows in Windows 10

Applications and files open in windows. Windows are so important in Windows 10, they named the operating system after them. Here are some techniques for handling windows:

  • Moving: Drag the title bar — the area along the top of the window where the name of the file or application you are working on is listed.

  • Resizing: Move the pointer or your finger over a side or corner of the window. Then drag up or down (to change the window’s height) or left or right (to change the window’s width). By dragging the corner of a window, you can change the height and width simultaneously.

  • Switching: To go from one window to another:

    • Select the Task View button on the taskbar. Thumbnail versions of all open windows appear. Select a thumbnail. Besides selecting the Task View button to go to Task view, you can press the Windows key + Tab or swipe from the left edge of the screen.

    • Select an icon on the taskbar. If you’ve opened more than one file with an application, select the application’s icon and then select the file’s thumbnail (it appears above the application icon).

    • Press Alt+Tab and continue to hold down the Alt key. A screen showing thumbnails of all open windows appears. Still holding down the Alt key, press the left or right arrow key to select a thumbnail, and release the Alt key.

  • Snapping: Drag the window to a side or corner of the screen. The window “snaps” to the side or corner such that it occupies one side or one corner of the screen.

  • Closing: Click or tap the Close button (the X) in the upper-right corner of the screen, or press Alt+F4.

How to Open a Second (or Third) Desktop in Windows 10

Open a second (or third) desktop to keep the screen from getting crowded with too many open windows. Opening another desktop is like having another computer screen. You can open the files that pertain to one project on one desktop and open files that pertain to a second project on another desktop. This way, you can stay organized in your work and reduce clutter on the screen.

Follow these steps to open another desktop:

  1. Select the Task View button on the taskbar (or press the Windows key plus the Tab key or swipe from the left edge of the screen.).

    Thumbnail versions of open windows appear. As well, the New Desktop button appears in the upper-left corner of the screen.

  2. Select the New Desktop button.

    Desktop tiles called Desktop 1 and Desktop 2 appear at the top of the screen.

  3. Select the Desktop 2 tile. Desktop 2 opens. Now you can open applications and files on the second desktop.

  4. Select the Task View button again and choose the Desktop 1 tile when you want to return to the first desktop.
  5. To close a desktop, move the pointer or your finger onto the desktop tile, and when the Close button (the X) appears, click or tap the Close button.

    When you close a desktop, all its open applications and files move to the desktop that is still open.

How to Handle Notifications in Windows 10

Notifications are the pop-up messages that appear from time to time in the lower-right corner of the Windows 10 desktop. They tell you when you’ve received mail and when a Calendar event is upcoming, among other things. Follow these steps to decide which notifications appear:

  1. Select the Windows button and choose Settings on the pop-up menu. The Windows Settings screen opens.
  2. Choose System.

    The System screen opens.

  3. Choose Notification & Actions to open the Notifications & Actions screen.

     

  4. Under Notifications, turn options on or off to tell Windows whether you want notifications to appear on your screen.
  5. Under Get Notifications from These Senders, turn the settings to On or Off to tell Windows 10 which notification you want to see.
  6. Close the Settings app.