Mac OS X Lion Server For Dummies Cheat Sheet
Mac OS X Lion Server packs a lot of punch in a small package. You have a lot to keep track of, even when you have Mac OS X Lion Server For Dummies at hand. You need to remember certain key points when installing, configuring, and managing your server.
Key Mac OS X Lion Server Information You Should Save
Complete information regarding every possible configuration for installing Mac OS X Lion Server would be overwhelming. Here’s the core information that everyone should have written down somewhere, both before and after you install Mac OS X Server:
Hardware numbers of the server Mac: Serial number and MAC address (also called Ethernet ID), found in the System Information utility in /Applications/Utilities.
Administrator Account info: Your short username password that you use during installation.
Internet connection information: Router’s IP address, the IP range of your subnet, and the subnet mask; PPPoE account and password if your server is connecting directly to your Internet service provider.
Static IP address of your server: Record for each Ethernet port.
Hostname of your server: The server in server.example.com or server.example.private.
Ways to Log In Remotely to Mac OS X Lion Server
Mac OS X Lion Server provides several different ways to log on and manage the server from another computer, including from Windows and Linux computers. With all these methods, there is nothing to install on Mac OS X Server:
Secure Shell (SSH) command line connection from any computer.
The Server app from a Mac OS X 10.7 computer.
Server Admin or Workgroup Manager from a Mac OS X 10.7 computer.
Remote control with VNC-compatible software from any computer.
Remote control with Apple Remote Desktop from a Mac on the network.
Common Port Numbers for Mac OS X Lion Server Services
Mac OS X Lion Server’s unique services have some unique port numbers. The following table lists some of the more common default port numbers for configuring firewalls and router port-forwarding for Mac OS X Lion Server.
|Apple File Service (AFP)||548||TCP|
|Apple Remote Desktop (Remote Management)||3283, 5900||TCP, UDP|
|HTTP (web service)||80 or 8080||TCP|
|HTTPS (secure web service via SSL)||443||TCP|
|iCal Server using SSL||8443||TCP|
|iChat Server’s file transfer proxy||7777||TCP|
|iChat Server, server-to-server connection||5269||TCP|
|iChat Server using SSL||5223||TCP|
|Mail: IMAP using SSL||993||TCP|
|Mail: POP3||110||TCP, UDP|
|Mail: POP3 using SSL||995||TCP, UDP|
|Mail: SMTP legacy SSL submission||465||TCP|
|Mail: SMTP standard||25||TCP, UDP|
|Mail: SMTP submission||587||TCP|
|SMB/CIFS (Windows file service)||161||TCP|
|SSH (Secure Shell) remote connection||22||TCP, UDP|
Mac OS X Lion Server Keyboard Tips for Windows Users
You frequently use several keyboard and mouse actions in Mac OS X Lion Server’s administration tools. Mac users will be familiar with these techniques, but they may be new to Windows users:
Make multiple selections in a list:
Shift-click lets you select a range of items at once. Click an item to select it and shift-click another item; all the items in between will be selected.
Command-click lets you add items to those you selected, in any order.
To right-click, hold down Control while clicking. Or, use a mouse with two or more buttons. On a Mac notebook or Apple Magic Trackpad, click the trackpad with two fingers to right click.
The Mac Option key is also labeled Alt, but isn’t always equivalent to the PC Alt. And, the Mac Control key isn’t always the same as the Windows Ctrl key. For example, to copy a file, hold the Option key when you drag and drop the file. (In Windows, it’s Ctrl-drag).
System Preferences is the rough equivalent of the Windows Control Panel. It holds settings (such as IP addresses) for the individual machine hosting the server.